Today, Wayne worked to get the white cedar boards planed and shaped so that they can become the ribs of the canoe. Each piece was planed and cut on a series of machines to make ribs of the right thickness and width.
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Wayne demonstrates the ideal rib–thin enough to be flexible, with the grain running the full length. Even before soaking, these ribs are pliable and even.
Wayne shows the waagikomaan, or Ojibwe crooked knife, the ancient tool that Anishinaabe artisans used in times past to shape canoe ribs.
At the end of the day it was also important to make sure that the rolls of birchbark were still moist and humid. Keeping the bark hydrated is important.