Wayne purchased four lengths of 16-foot clear red cedar from a lumber mill in the Pacific Northwest. These pieces were to be used for the gunwales and inwales of the canoe. Although such white cedar could be harvested locally, these pieces were purchased to save time and to use resources that are more abundant. The pieces were cut and then soaked in a lake near Wayne’s home on the Lac du Flambeau reservation for one month. Then the pieces that were to become the inwales were removed from the water and gently bent to form the top outline of the canoe. The bent pieces were held in place with supports and string until they dried.
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Cut pieces of red cedar are bundled together at Wayne’s garage studio (Photo Credit: Thomas A. DuBois)
Wayne and his crew securely tie the cedar pieces to a set of bricks so that they can be submerged in a lake alongside a dock near Wayne’s home (Photo Credit: Thomas A. DuBois)
One month later, two of the pieces are retrieved from the lake to be formed into the gunwales (Photo Credit: Colin Connors)
Through soaking, the pieces have taken on a rich red hue and are much more flexible than when dry (Photo Credit: Colin Connors)
Although traditionally Anishinaable built their canoes on the ground on a surface of sand, Wayne prefers to use a work table and plywood form to give his canoes a greater degree of straightness and to reduce the amount of stooping required in the building process. An identical table was built at the UW-Madison wood shop for continuing the building in Madison (Photo Credit: Thomas A. DuBois)
The soaked pieces placed on the work table (Photo Credit: ???????)
A series of height-blocks and temporary thwarts lets Wayne place the gunwale pieces in their proper place and bend them into shape. Lengths of string are used to tie the pieces in place as they dry (Photo Credit: Marcus Cederström)
The gunwale pieces, already losing their hue as they start to dry, are fit into the prepared manboard and then lashed tightly in place using string (Photo Credit: Thomas A. DuBois)
The pieces were then left to dry in place. Once the gunwale pieces dried, the pieces were disassembled, wrapped in bubble wrap, and prepared for transportation to Madison (Photo Credit: ????)